Saya Sedang Membaca

Kronikel Etanol oleh Hafizul Osman |Tunggul-tunggul Gerigis oleh Shahnon Ahmad | Atlantis: The Lost Continent Finally Found oleh Prof. Arysio Santos | The Mind of The Malay Author oleh Muhammad Haji Salleh | Joseph Anton: A Memoir oleh Salman Rushdie

Monday, September 7, 2015

Naga dalam Pemaknaan Mitos dan Agama Hindu

Penemuan ini untuk kawan-kawan yang mencari persoalan tentang bangsa Naga,

NAGA. A snake, especially the cobra-capella. A mythical semi-divine being, having a human face with the tail of a serpent, and the expended neck of the cobra. The race of Nagas is said to be a thousand in number, and to  have sprung from Kadru, the wife of Kasyapa, for the purpose of peopling Patala, or the regions below the earth (fadz: bandingkan dengan perumpamaan Arab-Melayu, kerajaan/negeri bawah angin), where they reign in great splendour.  From the name of their mother they are called Kadraveyas. Their mother is sometimes called Su-rasa. This dominion was taken from them by the Gandharvas, but they recovered it through their sister, the Narmada river, who induced Vishnu to send Pratardana to their assistance. Their females were handsome, and some intermarried with men, as Ulupi with Arjuna.

The Nagas, or a people bearing the same name, are historical, and have left many traces behind them. There were mountains so called, and Naga-dwipa was one of the seven divisions of Bharata-varsha. Kings of this race reigned at Mathura, Padmavati, &c., and the name survives in the modern Nagpur. There are various speculations as to who and what they were, but it seems clear they were a race distinct from the Hindus. The mythological accounts are probably based upon the historical, but they have been mixed up together and confused. The favourite theory is that they were a Scythic race, probably obtained their name from worshiping serpents or holding them in awe or reverence. 

NAGA-LOKA. Patala, the residence of the Nagas.

PATALA. The infernal (fadz: neraka/dasyat/chaos) regions, inhabited by Nagas (serpents), Daityas, Danavas, Yakshahs, and others. They are seven in number, and their names, according to the Vishnu Purana, are Atala, Vitala, Nitala, Gabhastimat, Mahatala, Sutala, and Patala, but these names vary in different authorities. The Padma Purana gives the names of the seven regions and their respective rulers as follow :-(1.) Atala, subject to Maha-maya ; (2.) Vitala, ruled by a form of Siva called Hatakeswara ; (3.) Sutala, ruled by Bali ; (4.) Talatala, ruled by Maya ; (5.) Mahatala, where reside the great serpents ; (6.) Rasatala, where the Daityas and Danavas dwell ; (7.) Patala, the lowermost, in which Vasuki reigns over the chief Nagas or snake-gods. In the Siva Purana there are eight : Patala. Tala, Atala, Vitala, Tala, Vidhi-patala, Sakara-bhumi, and Vijaya. The sage Narada paid a visit to these regions, and on his return to the skies gave a glowing account of them, declaring them to be far more delightful than Indra's heaven, and abounding with every kind of luxury and sensual gratification.

BHARATA-VARSHA. India, as having been the kingdom of Bharata. It is divided into nine Khandas or parts : Indra-dwipa, Kaserumat, Tamra-varna, Gabhastimat, Naga-dwipa, Saumya, Gandharva, Varuna.

Dowson, John, 1982. A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology & Religion. New Delhi: Rupa.Co. 

2 comments:

Dewi Aja said...

Perkenalkan, saya dari tim kumpulbagi. Saya ingin tau, apakah kiranya anda berencana untuk mengoleksi files menggunakan hosting yang baru?
Jika ya, silahkan kunjungi website ini www.kumpulbagi.com untuk info selengkapnya.

Di sana anda bisa dengan bebas share dan mendowload foto-foto keluarga dan trip, music, video, filem dll dalam jumlah dan waktu yang tidak terbatas, setelah registrasi terlebih dahulu. Gratis :)

JUNAIDI said...

Syukur alhamdulillah saya ucapkan kepada ALLAH karna atas kehendaknya melalui MBAH RAWA GUMPALA saya sekaran sudah bisa buka toko sendiri dan bahkan saya berencana ingin membangun hotel dan itu semua berkat bantuan MBAH RAWA GUMPALA,saya tidak pernah menyanka kalau saya sudah bisa sesukses ini,atas bantuan MBAH RAWA GUMPALA yang telah memberikan nomor selama 3x putaran dan alhamdulillah itu semuanya tembus bahkan beliau juga membantu saya dengan dana ghaib dan itu juga benar benar terbukti,MBAH RAWA GUMPALA juga menawarkan minyak penarik kepada saya dan katanya minyak ini bisa digunakan untuk berbagai jenis keperluan dan baru kali ini saya temukan paranormal yang bisa dipercaya,,bagi teman teman yang ingin dibantu untuk dikasi nomor yang benar benar terbukti tembus atau dana ghaib dan kepengen ingin membeli minyak penarik silahkan hubungi MBAH RAWA GUMPALA di 085316106111 ini benar benar terbukti nyata karna saya sendiri yang sudah membuktikannya.BUKA BLO DANA GHAIB MBAH RAWA GUMPALA